There are several types of Anxiety Disorders:
- specific phobias, and
- generalized anxiety disorder - also called "free--floating anxiety" (GAD).
NOTE: "Free-floating" is misleading, though; everything is connected to some thing
- in this case it simply means that the connection isn't yet clear.
Each anxiety disorder has different symptoms, but all the symptoms involve excessive,
irrational fear and dread.
Specific Phobias Generalized Anxiety Disorder(s)
Panic Attacks/Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Agoraphobia Social Phobia
Acute & Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Commonly major depressive disorder/reaction and other anxiety "disorders"
accompany this disorder.
Generally, the anxiety disorders are the most common, or frequently
occurring, mental disorders. They consist of a group of conditions that share
extreme or pathological anxiety as the main mood or emotional tone
disturbance. Anxiety, which may be understood as the extreme form of
normal fear, consists of mood, thinking, behavior, and physiological activity
- These include panic disorder (with and without a history of
agoraphobia), agoraphobia (with and without a history of panic
disorder), generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social phobia,
obsessive-compulsive disorder, acute stress disorder, and post-
traumatic stress disorder
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|Anxiety Reactions and States:
they are not "disorders"
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Questions and comments welcomed.
Specific Phobia: this is an
intense fear of something
that poses little or no actual
danger, such as closed-in
places, heights, escalators,
tunnels, highway driving,
water, flying, dogs, and
injuries involving blood.
These phobias aren't just
extreme fear; they are
irrational fear of a particular
The anxiety reactions are the most common, or frequently occurring, mental/emotional states.
While they affect millions of people age 18 years and older, they now occur among much younger
people, too - including young children.
It results in fearfulness and uncertainty, and is characterized by having recurring intrusive
thoughts or concerns ("worries"). Frequently, they will avoid certain situations out of worry. This
is mostly accompanied by such physical symptoms as sweating, trembling, dizziness and/or rapid
The Anxiety "Disorders/Reactions" consist of a group of conditions that share extreme or
pathological anxiety as the main mood, or emotional tone disturbance. These may be
understood as the extreme form of normal fear, consists of mood, thinking, behavior, and
physiological activity disturbances.
- Anxiety is an emotional state,
- tension is the average individual's
physical reaction to stress and anxiety,
- stress is a temporarily induced psycho
physiological imbalance caused by an
apparent threatening event (short,
incomplete definition - see Stress).
The various forms of Anxiety are emotional
Most of us have at one time or another been in
situations where we were so emotionally
aroused or upset that our ability to think
Example: someone "froze at the wheel", in an
automobile accident. "Freezing" or "getting
rattled" are just different descriptions of an
extreme anxiety state that is the psychological
equivalent to physiological shock.
Anxiety is a response or reaction to a threat, either real, or perceived, to our well-being, physical or
It can also arise due to threats to our cherished beliefs, and ideals: because of the emotional value
we attach to them, any apparent threats or attacks upon them have greater impact than some
other stressful events. Because of this, when such threats arise, their impact seems to be much
Anxiety can originate from lack of security, the need to be loved, and feelings of inferiority.
It is sometimes defined as a fear of reality; that it is an escape mechanism. It often involves
alcohol or phobias.
However, the more severe reactions are mostly due to frightening or traumatic events from the
past whose memories keep reappearing as if it were happening again.
Often, anxiety and the related reactions and behaviours are symptoms of a lack of self confidence
in individuals; instilling or restoring self confidence usually eliminates many of the problems. But
the more severe ones are based on fear.
Anxiety, a manner of speaking, can be a special coping strategy that doesn't work well.