To sum up the above: in a blaming, shaming culture such as the one we live in, there are two forms of guilt, so  
to speak: appropriate and inappropriate. Resulting in the problem of people continually confusing the two,which
tends to lead into the dilemma of often taking on guilt and blame for things that are not theirs in the first place.

Appropriate Guilt: is taking ownership of our actions. This is where we accept the deed's (or words')
ownership: we own it, we are responsible for it - it was our choice: appropriate guilt is natural, good and   
normal, because it shows a healthy sense of responsibility and taking ownership (or as it is usually called,
“blame”).

To take Personal Ownership is being, and holding yourself fully accountable for results that matter to you, and  
for which you are responsible: you take full responsibility for your actions and accept accountability for the   
results you produce.

It is about controlling events rather than being controlled by events.  Learning how to take Personal Ownership
requires a transformation in thinking; it involves responsibility, choices and consequences, assertiveness and self-
worth (self esteem) etc.

Wholeness is a necessary part of being fully human, and by nurturing the inner child with love and listening, as a
parent would do, balance of mind, body and spirit can be created – through taking ownership and control.

Technically, Guilt is "proven", or admitted, legitimate ownership of, or responsibility for, some action, deeds or
words. However, in a fear and shame based culture, it is often used to place undeserved "blame" for things that
are not actually yours to take  ownership of. That is inappropriate guilt. To give in to that, creates irrational  
beliefs and mental anguish.
Dealing with Guilt – appropriately:
  • Exercises to determine how you might go about dealing with guilt (Workshops only).
  • Pointers and steps to take to dealing with your guilt (if appropriate). Workshops/Counselling available.

Dealing with The Source of Guilt
To understand any strong, troublesome emotion of guilt, you need to see clearly three parts of your  
experience:
  1. The actual upsetting physical-social situation and event, what you did, and what others did, and the
    outcomes or results.
  2. The thoughts, wishful images, and self-talk you had before, during, and after the event, but especially  
    just before feeling bad. This includes what you had originally hoped would happen and how you now
    wish it had worked out.
  3. Your emotional reactions about or to the event and the outcomes.

Inappropriate Guilt Generating Thoughts:
Here are the common, fairly obvious inappropriate/irrational ideas that create unwanted emotions:
  • Everyone should love and approve of me (if they don't, I feel awful and unlovable).
  • I should always be competent, able, successful, and "on top of things" (if I'm not, I'm an inadequate,
    incompetent, hopeless failure).

  • People who are evil and bad should be punished severely (and I have the right to get very upset if they
    aren't stopped and made to "pay the price").
  • When things do not go the way I wanted and planned, it is terrible and I am, of course, going to get very
    disturbed. I can't stand it!

  • External events, such as other people, a screwed-up society, or bad luck, cause most of my unhappiness.
    Furthermore, I don't have any control over these external factors, so I can't do anything about my
    depression or other misery.
  • When the situation is scary or going badly, I should, and can't keep from worrying all the time.
  • It is easier for me to overlook, or avoid thinking about, tense situations than to face the problems and
    take the responsibility for correcting the situation.

  • I need someone--often a specific person--to be with and lean on (I can't do everything by myself).
  • Things have been this way so long, I can't do anything about these problems now.
  • When my close friends and relatives have serious problems it is only right and natural that I get very
    upset too.

  • I don't like the way I'm feeling but I can't help it. I just have to accept it and go with my feelings.
  • I know there is an answer to every problem. I should find it (if I don't, it will be awful).

These can, and will, ruin your mental, emotional and spiritual inner being – they will destroy happiness in life
for you. You are NOT responsible for everything that happens.

Healthy Reaction Thoughts – appropriate (see below, as well as Workshops for exercises to learn the
steps
):
Employ rational ideas to accept reasonable bad feelings, and to reduce the sources of inappropriate guilt
generators.

Dealing with a feeling of guilt responsibly and constructively – Workshop Topics
When you feel guilty (responsible), you can clarify the situation for yourself, and make it more manageable
using the following exercise which consists of posing and answering four questions:
  • 1. What makes me feel guilty - responsible?
  • 2. What value do I feel I have violated?
  • 3. What am I asking myself to do to fulfill this value?
  • 4. What is it I really need to do to fulfill this value?
 Continue to reject ownership of things you did not do, or say.
Klaas Tuinman
Dawn Cove Abbey
Deerfield, (Yarmouth County) Nova Scotia, Canada, Rev: 2009-2017
GUILT - the paralyzing emotion
An introduction to
   Appropriate and Inappropriate Guilt:
           what it is, and how to deal with it
Yet, some of our sense of guilt comes from being made to feel as if it is we who are solely and choices of other
people (that's
inappropriate guilt). We need to remember that their choices aren’t ours to make.

It isn’t our responsibility to “fix” the consequences of someone else’s choices.
  • We are not responsible for the choices they make – so to avoid guilt, don’t accept that responsibility or
    ownership

  • When we find excuses for their choices, and try to “fix” the consequences for them, we are engaging in a
    denial-enabling situation: at worst, we become codependent.
  • We all have to learn to accept that we have to live with choices others make – whether we like those
    choices, approve of them or whatever.

How do others play on your feelings of guilt?
People can and sometimes try to make You feel responsible for, and take ownership of their actions, words or
failures. They will (try to):
  • Make you believe they will suffer greatly if you do not respond positively to their request(s).
  • Call on your guilt to respond to their requests, even when it means violating your rights.
  • Respond to your irrational self by reinforcing your irrational thinking, giving you a sense of blame, for
    past, present, or future actions.
  • Build up a verbal or imagined scenario that portrays you at fault for inaction, thus guaranteeing your  
    sense of guilt and your willingness to do anything to alleviate it.
  • Accuse you of misdeeds, words, or actions to arouse your sense of guilt and make you believe you are  
    the one with a problem in an interpersonal relationship   difficulty. (This effectively takes the pressure off
    of them.)
  • Reinforce your negative self-perceptions, encouraging you to be guilt ridden and  self-judgmental for   
    their benefit.
  • Build a case with moral absolutes to convince you of the ``right way'' to do   things, avoiding that
    negative feeling of guilt for themselves.
  • Set up situations for you in which you will believe your alternatives are limited to that which results in the
    least sense of guilt.
  • Feign or fake hardship, illness, discomfort, unhappiness, incompetence, or other negative behavior to
    arouse your sense of guilt and have you take over those    tasks, or duties bringing imagined negative
    consequences for them.
  • Threaten negative consequences, like going to jail, to the hospital, to the juvenile detention center,    
    failing school, dying, or divorcing you. This manipulation uses your guilt to benefit them.
People who really want to heal,
will find a way;
those who aren't ready yet,
will find an
excuse.
Inappropriate Guilt: taking-on ownership of someone else's actions. This is where we are left feeling, or are
made to feel,
by others that we are responsible for something we actually did not do or say.

It means others are trying to shift their blame onto you, and avoiding responsibility and ownership of their   
actions. We don’t own inappropriate guilt, nor are we responsible for it. Whatever was said or done was their
choice. It is a form of guilt that is not normal, good or natural: it is extremely common.
It leaves you with
paralyzing indecision!

Because of that, and because that is so common, there are many people who feel guilty most of the time. They
spend much of their time doing things they don't really want to do, just to avoid feeling guilty: except  it never
quite works for them. This is because it wasn’t theirs to “fix” in the first place (see
Fixer Role).

There are different reasons why we feel guilty.
We feel guilty (appropriately) when we have done something that violates one of our own (or society's) ethical or
moral values.  As a result, we hold ourselves responsible for something we did or said: accepting ownership and
responsibility for our actions (that is "appropriate" guilt). It shows responsibility and ownership.

  • From childhood on we learned beliefs about what is right and what is wrong, and integrated those beliefs  
    into who we are: we accepted them without actually thinking about them. Our families—parents,
    grandparents, and siblings—along with school, friends, and other life experiences, all contributed to this
    process. Because of that complex history, we may not be aware exactly how we come to believe a particular
    act is right or wrong: it’s unconscious – and can be very harmful to us. We are not responsible for  
    other people's choices!
Dawn Cove Abbey
_______________________________
Roadside Assistance For Your Journey Through Life
- Dedicated to helping people return (and maintain) sanity and decency to life -
_______________________________________________________
From the eBook: "One! The Journey hOMe", by Klaas Tuinman © 2007-2017

Questions and comments welcomed.
Guilt is about:
  • Feeling of responsibility for negative circumstances that have befallen yourself or others, if applicable.
  • Feeling of regret for your real or imagined misdeeds, both past and present.
  • A sense of remorse for thoughts, feelings, or attitudes that were or are negative, uncomplimentary, or   
    non-accepting concerning yourself or others.
  • Feeling of obligation for not pleasing, not helping, or not placating another.
  • Feeling of bewilderment and lack of balance for not responding to a situation in  your typical, stereotype
    manner.
  • Feeling of loss and shame for not having done or said something to someone who  is no longer available
    to you.
  • Accepting of responsibility for someone else's misfortune or problem because it bothers you to see that
    person suffer.
  • Motivator to amend all real or perceived wrongs.
  • Strong moral sense of right and wrong that inhibits you from choosing a "wrong'' course of action;  
    however, you assign your own definitions to the words.
  • Driving force or mask behind which irrational beliefs hide.

These allow you to assess whether or not they are accurate, and whether or not you are responsible, or need to
take ownership: in other words, to discern whether it appropriate, or inappropriate.
Guilt is one of the most misunderstood and mis-used words (and concepts and "actions/behaviour") in our lives.
The way it is, and has been used, has turned it into two different things: both a "burden" and a "weapon". And
therefore,  it has become something negative, and dysfunctional that many, if not most, people, experience and
deal with much of their lives.

To really understand just how deeply dysfunctional and misplaced "Guilt" really is, due to its misuse, we need to
look briefly at the origin and history of the word, and its subsequent evolution into its current use in our
shaming/blaming
dysfunctional cultures).

The word "guilt" traces back to Old English - where it was used both as a noun and a verb. In its noun form it
meant;
"crime, sin, moral defect, failure of duty, an offense, violation, or wrong, especially against moral or   
penal law; culpability"
. This is more or less "appropriate" guilt.
Which expands into:
"he admitted his guilt": as in "a feeling of responsibility or remorse for some offense, crime,
wrong, etc., whether real or imagined; in other words, accepting ownership of words and/or deeds. This is also  
an "appropriate" usage of "guilt".

And in its verb form it meant;
"to influence someone by appealing to his sense of guiltiness (to accept the
ownership""
, which is still in the "appropriate" domain.
However, it is far more commonly mis-used, either by dwelling/focussing on the guilt, or to shift blame from
themselves onto another person - as in,
"he/she tried to guilt me into pleasing or appeasing them", or "he/she   
was laying a guilt trip on me";
in other words, in its verb form, guilt is frequently/often used as manipulation;
which is the inappropriate form.

Of course, taking ownership (pleading guilty to an act, or words) is considered to be an appropriate, "correct"
action - if it is sincere and authentic, in all cultures.
Guilt was never a rational thing; it distorts all the faculties of the human
mind, it perverts them, it leaves a man no longer in the free use of his
reason, it puts him into confusion.
~Edmund Burke
What can guilt do to you?
Guilt can:
  • Make you become over-responsible, striving to make life "right.'' You overwork.  You over-give of
    yourself. You are willing to do anything in your attempt to make everyone happy.
  • Make you over conscientious. You fret over every action you take as to its possible negative   
    consequence to others, even if this means that you must ignore your  needs and wants.
  • Make you over sensitive. You see decisions about right and wrong in every aspect  of your life and
    become obsessed with the tenuous nature of all of your personal actions, words, and decisions. You are
    sensitive to the cues of others where any implication of your wrong doing is intimated.
  • Immobilize you. You can become so overcome by the fear of doing, acting, saying, or being "wrong'',
    that you eventually collapse, give in, and choose inactivity, silence, and the status quo.
  • Interfere in your decision making. It is so important to always be "right'' in your decisions that you
    become unable to make a decision lest it be a wrong one.
  • Be hidden by the mask of self denial. Because it is less guilt inducing to take care  of others first,    
    instead of yourself, you hide behind the mask of self denial. You honestly believe it is better to serve
    others first, unaware that "guilt'' is the  motivator for such "generous'' behavior.
  • Make you ignore the full array of emotions and feelings available to you. Overcome by guilt or the fear    
    of it, you can become emotionally blocked or closed off. You are able neither to enjoy the positive fruits
    of life nor experience the negative aspects.
  • Be a motivator to change. Because you feel guilt and the discomfort it brings, you can use it as a
    barometer of the need to change things in your life and rid yourself of the guilt.
  • Be a mask for negative self belief. You may actually have low self-esteem, but claim the reason for your
    negativity is the overwhelming sense of guilt you experience.
  • Mislead or misdirect you. Because many irrational beliefs lie behind guilt, you may  be unable to sort   
    out your feelings. It is important to be objective with yourself when you are experiencing guilt; be sure
    that your decisions are based on sound, rational thinking.

What irrational beliefs or negative self-scripts are involved in guilt?
  • I do not deserve to be happy.
  • I am responsible for my family's (spouse's) happiness.
  • There is only one "right'' way to do things.
  • It's bad to feel hurt and pain.
  • My children should never suffer in their childhood like I did in mine.
  • My kids should have more material things than I did.
  • It is my fault if others in my life are not happy.
  • If my kids fail in any way, it's my responsibility.
  • It is wrong to be concerned about myself.
  • People are constantly judging me, and their judgment is important to me.
  • It is important to save face with others.
  • It is wrong to accept the negative aspects of my life without believing that I am responsible for them
    myself.
  • I am responsible if either positive or negative events happen to the members of   my family.
  • I must not enjoy myself during a time when others expect me to be in mourning, grief, or loss.
  • You must never let down your guard; something you're doing could be evil or  wrong.
  • I must always be responsible, conscientious, and giving to others.
  • How others perceive me is important as to how I perceive myself.
  • No matter what I do, I am always wrong.
  • I should never feel guilt.
  • If you feel guilt, then you must be or have been wrong.
Suggested steps to overcome guilt
Step 1
: You can recognize the role guilt is playing in your life by choosing a current problem and answering
the following questions in your journal:
  1. What problem is currently troubling me?
  2. Who is responsible for the problem?
  3. Whose problem is it, really?
  4. What did I do to make this problem worse for myself?
  5. How much guilt do I feel about this problem?
  6. How much does the guilt I experience exaggerate or exacerbate my problem?
  7. If I felt no more guilt what would my problem look like then?
  • If the answer to question "g'' is that your problem can be solved by reducing guilt, go to Step 2.

Step 2: Redefine your problem with the absence of guilt as an issue.
In answering the questions in Step 1 you recognized that guilt was preventing resolution of the problem. To
redefining your problem, answer the following questions in your journal:
  • How insurmountable is the problem?
  • Is this problem an interpersonal, or intrapersonal (inner) problem?
  • If it is interpersonal: Can I help the other person and myself to set aside guilt and resolve this problem?
  • If it is intrapersonal: Can I set aside guilt or the fear of it and resolve this problem?
  • Does this problem have more than one solution? Can others and myself experience satisfaction, comfort,
    and resolution with a minimum of debilitating guilt?
  • Whose problem is it, really?
  • Is it my problem or another(s)?
  • Am I taking on another's responsibility?
  • Am I trying to keep another from experiencing pain, hardship, or discomfort?

Step 3: If the problem is really someone else's, give the problem back to the person(s) to solve and to deal
with. If the problem is yours, go to Step 4.

Step 4: You must confront the real or imagined guilt or fear of guilt preventing you  from either handing the
problem back to the person(s) whose problem it really is (Step 3) or from handling the problem on your own.
Consider the following:
  1. What fears are blocking me at this moment from taking the steps I need to resolve this problem?
  2. What are the irrational beliefs behind these fears?
  3. Refute the irrational beliefs
  4. Initiate a program of self-affirmation as presented in the "Self-Affirmations''
  5. Use an imagery scenario with "guilt'' as an object you packaged in a nice box, brought to a mountain top
    and thrown off a cliff for good.
  6. Affirm for yourself that:
  • You deserve to solve this problem.
  • You deserve to be good to yourself
  • You deserve to have others be good to you, too!

Step 5: If your guilt is not resolved after completing Steps 3 and/or 4, return to Step 1 and begin again.