• Dissociation also is characterized by a sense of the world as a dreamlike or
    unreal place and may be accompanied by poor memory of the specific  
    events, which in severe form is known as dissociative amnesia.
  • Other features of an acute stress disorder include symptoms of generalized
    anxiety and hyperarousal, avoidance of situations or stimuli that elicit
    memories of the trauma, and persistent, intrusive recollections of the event
    via flashbacks, dreams, or recurrent thoughts or visual images.

If the symptoms and behavioral disturbances of the acute stress disorder persist  
for more than 1 month, and if these features are associated with functional
impairment or significant distress to the sufferer, the diagnosis is changed to   
post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • Results of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: a number of changes, including
    decreased self-esteem, loss of sustained beliefs about people or society,
    hopelessness, a sense of being permanently damaged, and difficulties in
    previously established relationships, are typically observed. Substance    
    abuse often develops, especially involving alcohol, and sedative-hypnotic

About 50 percent of cases of post-traumatic stress disorder remit within 6  
months. For the remainder, the disorder typically persists for years and can
dominate the sufferer’s life.  The highest rates of post-traumatic stress disorder  
are found among women who are victims  of crime, especially rape.

Post-traumatic stress disorder treatment can help you regain a sense of control
over your life. The primary treatment is psychotherapy, but can also include
medication. Combining these treatments can help improve your symptoms by:
  • Teaching you skills to address your symptoms
  • Helping you think better about yourself, others and the world
  • Learning ways to cope if any symptoms arise again
  • Treating other problems often related to traumatic experiences, such as
    depression, anxiety, or misuse of alcohol or drugs

        You don't have to try to handle the burden of PTSD on your own.

More to come

Klaas Tuinman MA
Dawn Cove Abbey
Deerfield, (Yarmouth County) Nova Scotia, Canada - 2008 rev: 2017
Post Traumatic Stress

This is a reaction; not a disorder
Dawn Cove Abbey
Roadside Assistance For Your Journey Through Life
- Dedicated to helping people return (and maintain) sanity and decency to life -
From the eBook: "One! The Journey hOMe", by Klaas Tuinman MA, © 2007-2017

Questions and comments welcomed.
Acute and Post-Traumatic Stress Reaction
"Disorder" (PTSD):

This is an acute stress reaction characterized by
anxiety and behavioral disturbances that   
develop within the first month after exposure to
an extreme trauma, such as a terrifying ordeal
that involved physical harm, or the threat of
physical harm, including physical assault and  

  • It is common among first responders in the
    medical field, homicide investigators, and
    military personnel, etc.
  • The person who develops PTSD may have
    been the one who was harmed, the harm
    may have happened to a loved one, or the
    person may have witnessed a harmful event
    that happened to loved ones, or strangers.
  • Generally, the symptoms of
    an acute stress disorder
    begin during or shortly
    following the trauma. Such
    extreme traumatic events
    include rape or other severe
    physical assault, near-death
    experiences in accidents,
    witnessing a murder, and
  • The symptom of
    dissociation, which reflects a
    perceived detachment of the
    mind from the emotional
    state or even the body, is a
    critical feature.