Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessions are persistent, recurrent, intrusive and upsetting thoughts, impulses, or
images (obsessions) that are perceived as inappropriate, grotesque, or forbidden.
Obsessions are perceived as uncontrollable, and the sufferer often fears that he or
she will lose control and act upon such thoughts or impulses.
  • Common themes include contamination with germs or body fluids, doubts (i.e.,
    the worry that something important has been overlooked or that the sufferer    
    has unknowingly inflicted harm on someone), order or symmetry, or loss of
    control of violent or sexual impulses.

They use rituals (compulsions) to attempt to control the anxiety these thoughts
produce.instead, most of the time, the rituals end up controlling them. Healthy    
people also have rituals; the difference is that people with OCD perform their       
rituals even though doing so interferes with daily life, and they find the repetition

Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that reduce the anxiety that  
accompanies an obsession or “prevent” some dreaded event from happening.
Compulsions include both overt behaviors, such as hand washing or checking, and
mental acts including counting or praying. Not uncommonly, compulsive rituals take  
up long periods of time,even hours, to complete. For example, repeated hand  
washing, intended to remedy  anxiety about contamination, is a common cause of
contact dermatitis.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder typically begins in adolescence to young adult life
(males) or in young adult life (females). For most, the course is fluctuating and,  like
generalized anxiety disorder, symptom exacerbations are usually associated with  life

Commonly major
depressive disorder and other anxiety disorders accompany this
disorder (see below).

More to come
Klaas Tuinman MA
Dawn Cove Abbey
Deerfield, (Yarmouth County) Nova Scotia, Canada - 2008 rev: 2017
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Dawn Cove Abbey
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