Panic Attacks and Panic "Disorder"
    Panic reaction/"disorder" is a condition that can be successfully treated.
    Panic attacks usually produce a sense of unreality, a fear of impending
    doom, or a fear of losing control.

    A panic attack is a specific period of intense fear, terror, or discomfort
    that is associated with numerous somatic (bodily), and cognitive
    symptoms.
    * The symptoms include palpitations, and the pounding of the heart,
      sweating, trembling, weakness, shortness of breath, sensations of
      choking or smothering, chest pain, nausea or gastrointestinal distress,
      dizziness, faintness, or light-headedness, chills or blushing (flushing)
      and “hot flashes.”
    * Extremities (hands and feet) may tingle, or feel numb.
    * The attack typically has an abrupt onset, building to maximum intensity
      within 10 to 15 minutes.
    * Most people report a fear of dying, “going crazy,” or losing control of
      emotions or behavior.

    The experiences generally provoke a strong urge to escape or flee the
    place where the attack begins (The "Fight, Flight -or sometimes-
    Freeze/Faint response. When it is associated with chest pain or shortness
    of breath, it frequently results in seeking aid from a hospital emergency
    room, or other type of urgent assistance. Yet an attack rarely lasts longer
    than 30 minutes.

    The general current diagnostic practice is that a panic attack must be
    characterized by at least four of the associated somatic and cognitive
    symptoms described above. The panic attack is distinguished from other
    forms of anxiety by its  intensity and its sudden, episodic nature. Panic
    attacks may be further described by the relationship between the onset
    of the attack, and the presence or absence of situational factors. For
    example, a panic attack may be described as unexpected, situationally
    bound, or situationally predisposed (usually, but not invariably
    occurring in a particular situation).
Panic Attacks
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Dawn Cove Abbey
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Roadside Assistance For Your Journey Through Life
- Dedicated to helping people return (and maintain) sanity and decency to life -
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From the eBook: "One! The Journey hOMe", by Klaas Tuinman M.A. © 2007-2019

Questions and comments welcomed.
How to stop, or
prevent an
Anxiety Attack:
click on the
graphic below
to enlarge -
to read
Panic "disorder" is diagnosed when a person has experienced at least two unexpected panic
attacks and develops persistent concern or worry about having further attacks or changes his
or her behavior to avoid or minimize such attacks.

It is about twice as common among women as men. Age of onset is most common between
late adolescence and mid-adult life and beyond. It was once thought to that onset was
relatively uncommon past age 50 - but that has proven to be incorrect.. There is a
developmental continuity between the anxiety syndromes of youth, such as separation
anxiety "disorder".

Causes:
Factors that may increase the risk of developing panic attacks or panic disorder include:
   * Family history of panic attacks or panic disorder (Thus a learned response),
   * Major life stress, such as the
death or serious illness of a loved one.
   * A traumatic event, such as sexual assault or a serious accident.

Treatment:
Cognitive behavioral therapy can help you learn, through your own experience, that panic
symptoms are not dangerous. Your therapist will help you gradually re-create the symptoms
of a panic attack in a safe, repetitive manner. Once the physical sensations of panic no longer
feel threatening, the attacks begin to resolve. Successful treatment can also help you overcome
fears of situations that you've avoided because of panic attacks.

Therapy typically involves cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This therapy teaches you to
change your thoughts and actions so that you can understand your attacks and manage
your fear.

Medications used to treat panic disorder can include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and
others.
Seeing results from treatment can take time and effort. You may start to see panic attack
symptoms reduce within several weeks, and often symptoms decrease significantly or go away
within several months. You may schedule occasional maintenance visits to help ensure that your
panic attacks remain under control or to treat recurrences.
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Klaas Tuinman
    Dawn Cove Abbey
    Deerfield, (Yarmouth County) Nova Scotia, Canada - 2008 rev: 2019