|DEPRESSION/Dysphoria (Uni-Polar Disorder) &
Anxiety (description and effects) Introduction:
Depression (suffering from "Uni-polar Disorder", or Dysphoria) is a quite common, persistent
pervasive, somewhat enigmatic, complex mood disorder that is quite common. First, let's kind
of clarify the terminology.  Major depression, also known as unipolar or major depressive
disorder, is characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness or a lack of interest in outside
stimuli. The unipolar connotes a difference between major depression and bipolar depression,
which refers to an oscillating state between depression and mania.  Dysphoria (from Greek:
meaning "difficult to bear". It is a profound state of unease or dissatisfaction. In a psychiatric
context, dysphoria may accompany depression, anxiety, or agitation. To grasp a fuller
understanding of what all is (or can be) involved, I am presenting this in two parts: an
Introduction (this page) and Causes and "treatment" on a separate page.
Because of the complexity, it is a much-misunderstood, and hence enigmatic state of being,
with the result (generally), that due to the misunderstanding, it is generally not known exactly
what causes, or triggers depression. Because of this, often a large number of things that are
possible/probable causes are not considered, and taken into account, resulting in "treatment"
and assistance that too often address the wrong possible "causes". The reality is, as with many
mental/emotional reactions, that a variety of factors may, or will be involved.
Depression - Is not just a temporary or situational sadness; it is persistent and pervasive. Depression
may be the cause of a daily, unrelenting headache that peaks in the morning and late afternoon.
It is often accompanied by a complication of migraines. People with chronic pain syndromes are
often markedly depressed.
Similar to the manifestations on the Anxiety spectrum, Depression is a Reaction, also called a
mood "disorder"/reaction to life circumstances (see Causes/Treatment) in the majority of cases.
Depression permeates and affects virtually everything in life: how you feel, think and behave,
and generally leads to a variety of emotional, mental and physical problems. You may have
trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn't worth
living. It is more than just a bout of the blues: depression isn't a weakness, and you can't
simply"snap out" of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don't get discouraged.
Most people with depression will feel better with medication, counselling, or both.
Depression: * Is described differently by people who experience it. * Is a common condition
("normal" - as a reaction) - and treatable. * Is not what in everyday language refers to as
“depression” which describes any short-term downturn in mood that may be relatively brief and
perhaps due to something relatively trivial. Depression persists! * Has symptoms that prevent a
person from leading a normal life. * In many ways depression resembles the grief and mourning
that follow bereavement, there are often feelings of low self esteem, guilt and self-reproach,
withdrawal from interpersonal contact and physical symptoms such as eating and sleep
disturbances (see below). * Depression ranges from normal feelings of the blues to major
depression (types of depression include: major depression, bipolar depression, dysthymia
(persistent mild depression), and seasonal depression (seasonal affective disorder – S.A.D.).
* Depression can also be experienced in other disorders,
such as bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder).
Affective (Feelings/Emotions - emotional symptoms):
* Persistent feelings of "emptiness" or sadness. * Feeling hopeless, helpless, worthless, and/or
guilty. * Substance abuse. * Fatigue or loss of interest in ordinary activities, including sex. * Change
in eating and sleeping patterns (too much OR too little). * Irritability, increased crying, anxiety and
panic attacks. * Difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions. *Thoughts of suicide;
suicide plans, or attempts. *Persistent physical symptoms or pains that do not respond to treatment.
* Decreased energy (on edge), * Reduced motivation. * Reduced self-care (grooming, dressing, etc).
* Reduced desire for social activities (time with friends etc). * frequent episodes of absence from
place of employment. * Disturbance in eating or sleep habits, trouble falling asleep or staying
asleep (mind and thoughts go into hyper-speed), or sleeping excessively. * feelings of apathy and
anxiety (more below). * lack of emotional expression, and of motivation. * feelings of guilt
(especially inappropriate guilt), and/or self-blame.
Text continues below picture.
|If you feel you are suffering from Depression - or Anxiety - contact your
healthcare provider, please: or perhaps I may be of assistance.
|Depression-Dysphoria: Uni-Polar Debilitating Disorder
The Chaos and How it manifests: Sign and Symptoms
Dawn Cove Abbey
Roadside assistance For Your Journey Through Life
- Dedicated to helping people return (and maintain) sanity and decency to life -
From the eBook: "One! The Journey hOMe", by Klaas Tuinman M.A © 2007-2019
Questions and comments welcomed.